Gum Disease


What Is Periodontal Disease/Gum Disease?
Your mouth has many important responsibilities, including eating and speaking. Taking care of your mouth is essential for ensuring that it can perform its responsibilities properly. There are several integral components to oral hygiene, including twice daily brushing, daily flossing, and twice yearly dental cleanings and exams. When you do not take care of your mouth, it is put at risk for developing serious issues that can affect not only your oral health but how it functions and the health of your entire body as well. One major issue that can develop is gum disease. If gum disease does occur, Olson Family Dental can help.

What is Gum Disease?


Plaque and bacteria are naturally occurring substances in your mouth. However, they can be quite harmful. Both of these substances can irritate delicate gum tissue, causing it to become inflamed. This early stage of gum disease is often overlooked and therefore goes untreated. As a result, the gums begin to swell further, pulling away from the surfaces of the teeth. Bacteria fall below the gum line and begin attacking the supporting structures of your teeth. Over time, the gums recede, and your jawbone grows weak. Ultimately, advanced gum disease can lead to loose teeth and even tooth loss.

Causes of Gum Disease


There are several different issues that can cause gum disease.
•  Poor oral hygiene practices. Regular brushing, flossing, and dental visits are crucial for keeping bacteria and plaque at bay. Ignoring this care can lead to an overabundance of buildup, significantly increasing your risk for issues.
•  Misaligned teeth. Crooked or poorly spaced teeth create hiding places for bacteria that are difficult to keep clean.
•  Smoking and other tobacco products. Smoking restricts blood flow, slowing the delivery of nutrients to your gums.
•  Dry mouth. Dry mouth is a condition in which there is not enough saliva in your mouth. This can be caused by excessive drinking, certain medications, and even certain medical conditions.

Gum Disease Symptoms


The symptoms of gum disease vary based on the stage.
•  Red, swollen gums.
•  Bleeding when you brush and floss.
•  Gum recession.
•  Small gaps form between the teeth.
•  Tooth sensitivity, which is caused by root exposure due to gum recession.
•  Chronic bad breath.
•  Your teeth are loose.
•  You have suffered tooth loss.

How is Gum Disease Treated?


Treatments for gum disease vary on the severity of your condition. Common treatments for gum disease include:
•  Scaling and root planing, deep cleaning of all surfaces of your teeth both above and below the gum line.
•  Laser therapy. Lasers have many uses in the field of dentistry. For gum disease treatment, lasers can be used to remove infected tissue that is interfering with scaling and root planing. They can also be used to disinfect periodontal pockets.
•  Periodontal maintenance. This is a series of exams and cleanings that are performed to further aid in the healing of your gums should your initial treatment prove ineffective.
•  Pocket reduction surgery. If the periodontal pockets are too deep for an effective scaling and root planing, a pocket reduction surgery may be performed to access the affected areas and enable your gums to begin healing.
•  Tissue and bone grafting. Tissue grafting is typically done to restore a healthy gum line after gum recession. Bone grafting is performed to restore missing bone mass. This is usually done before receiving dental implants.

Treating gum disease as soon as possible is essential for protecting your oral health as well as your overall health. Call Olson Family Dental at (203) 663-3316 to schedule your appointment today.

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The doctors have participated in multiple missions trips to the Dominican Republic to perform extractions for children in schools who have never seen a dentist.
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Office Hours
Monday-Friday: Appointments available
Saturday: Limited Appointments available
(203) 663-3316
10 Mott Ave #3b, Norwalk, CT 06850
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